1. Escape Routes
Whether in home or at school, children should know about escape routes. Older children who are mature enough to understand directions should be taught about the nearest fire exits located in the premises where they are usually at. It is also a must that they know the correct ways on how to escape. This can be done through a regular fire drill practice. Teach them to touch a door knob first before opening it so they know if there is fire on the other side. Have them practice crawling during the fire drill as poisonous smoke tends to rise above the air during fire.
2. Fire Safety Equipment
Kids should also know about the basic fire safety equipment including fire extinguishers, smoke alarms, fire ladders, fire hoses, fire blankets, and so on. They do not necessarily have to learn how to use each one of these but it is important for them to know what each one is for. For example, they need to know that smoke alarms give off a loud warning sound to indicate a fire accident. When kids hear this sound, they would know about the fire and they can respond to it the way they have been taught to do so. While children should not be taught to fight fire using fire equipment, they can be taught to use fire blankets to cover themselves while escaping the burning premises.
3. Preventive Measures
The phrase, “do not play with matches” has become a cliché BUT this does not in any way diminish its importance. Kids should be made to realise that playing with matches or any other dangerous item that is flammable or combustible can lead to serious dangers. Tell them the possible consequences of their actions so that they will not attempt to do these things out of curiosity.